PRESENT CONTINUOUS : Pengertian, Penjelasan dan Contoh

PRESENT CONTINUOUS : Pengertian, Penjelasan dan Contoh
October 13, 2020 Comments Off on PRESENT CONTINUOUS : Pengertian, Penjelasan dan Contoh Bahasa Inggris, Pendidikan Lourdes Cram
present continuous

Pengertian Present Continuous

Present Continuous adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan tindakan yang sedang berlangsung sekarang / saat ini sedang dilakukan, rencana di masa depan yang sudah pasti waktunya, kejadian di waktu sedang berbicara dan tindakan yang berlangsung hanya untuk jangka waktu yang singkat.

Gambaran Waktu

gambaran waktu present continuous
gambaran waktu present continuous

Pola kalimat Verbal

– Positive sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + Verb ing + Object
– Negative sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + not + Verb ing + Object
– Interrogative sentence: to be (am, are, is) + Subject + Verb ing + Object + ?

Notes:
– Penggunaan to be present am untuk subject I, are untuk subject You, They, We dan is untuk subject He, She, It.
– Pada kalimat negative penambahan not pada to be bisa disingkat seperti: is not > isn’t dan are not > aren’t.
– Keterangan waktu (Time Signal) yang digunakan: now, right now, at present, at this moment, today, tonight, this morning, this weekend.
– Jika Present Continuous digunakan untuk menyatakan tindakan yang sudah direncanakan pembicara dan pelaksanaannya dilakukan di masa yang akan datang, keterangan waktu yang digunakan: next … (year, month week, day), tomorrow, soon.

Contoh Kalimat:
1. (+) They are drinking a glass of milk right now. (Mereka sedang minum segelas susu saat ini)
(-) They aren’t drinking a glass of milk right now. (Mereka tidak sedang minum segelas susu saat ini)
(?) Are they drinking a glass of milk right now? (Apakah mereka sedang minum segelas susu saat ini?)
– Yes, they are.
– No, they aren’t.

2. (+) Sari is speaking French now. (Sari sedang berbicara Bahasa Perancis sekarang)
(-) Sari isn’t speaking french now. (Sari tidak sedang berbicara Bahasa Perancis sekarang)
(?) Is Sari speaking French now? (Apakah Sari sedang berbicara Bahasa Perancis sekarang?)
– Yes, she is.
– No, she isn’t.

Pola Kalimat Nominal

Kalimat nominal dalam bentuk continuous dibentuk dengan memakai bing + kata sifat (adejctive), yang berarti bahwa subject mempunyai aktivitas yang dapat berubah.

– Positive sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + being + A/N/A
– Negative sentence: Subject + to be (am, are, is) + being + not + A/N/A
– Interrogative sentence: to be (am, are, is) + being + Subject + + A/N/A + ?

Contoh kalimat:
(+) She is being polite to me. (Dia menjadi sopan kepadaku)
(-) She isn’t being polite to me. (Dia tidak menjadi sopan kepadaku)
(?) Is she being polite to me? (Apakah dia menjadi sopan kepadaku?)

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Kalimat diatas berarti bahwa tidak biasanya dia bicara sopan pada saya, tetapi entah mengapa sekarang dia bicara sopan pada saya. Tetapi bila kalimatnya memiliki prdikat kata benda (noun) atau hal-hal lain yang tetap, maka kita tidak bolh menggunakan “being”.
contoh:
– She is being a doctor. (salah)
– She is a doctor. (benar)

Present Continuous pada WH Question / Question Words

Kalimat Verbal
– What
– Who
– Where + am, are, is + Subject + Verb ing + ?
– When
– Why
– How

Contoh kalimat:
– What are you doing? (Apa yang sedang kamu lakukan?)
– Where is your mother? (Dimana ibumu?)
– Who is Rita? (Siapakah Rita?)
– How are you? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)

Latihan Soal

I. Ubahlah kalimat berikut ke dalam betuk kalimat positive, negative atau interrogative dengan menggunakan present simple!
1. (+) Ian is driving a car now.
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) Dicky does not go to school every day.
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) Is she hitting you on your face?

4. (+) They are being so cruel.
(-) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (+) …………………………………………………………………………………………….
(-) Cecil is not being a nice person.
(?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….

II. Bentuklah kalimat berikut dengan menggunakan kata kerja (verb) ke dalam bentuk yang tepat!
1. I … (study) right now.
2. It … (not;rain) anymore.
3. You … (make) a lot of noise.
4. He … (better) slowly.
5. The world … (change). Things never stay the same.

Kunci Jawabab Latihan Soal

Romawi I
1. (+) Ian is driving a car now.
(-) Ian isn’t driving a car now.
(?) Is Ian driving a car now?

2. (+) Dicky and Sandy are playing chess.
(-) Dicky and Sandy are not playing chess.
(?) Are Dicky and Sandy playing chess?

3. (+) She is hitting you on your face.
(-) She isn’t hitting you on your face.
(?) Is she hitting you on your face?

4. (+) They are being so cruel.
(-) They aren’t being so cruel.
(?) Are they being so cruel?

5. (+) Cecil is being nice person.
(-) Cecil is not being a nice person.
(?) Is Cecil being a nice person?

Romawi II
1. am studying
2. isn’t raining
3. are making
4. is being
5. is being

5
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5
(
2

votes

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